Laying vs. Lying (and Lay vs. Lie)–What’s the Difference?

  • To lay is to set (or otherwise place) something in a resting position.

  • To lie is to tell a falsehood.

  • To lie also means to recline. When you are talking about reclining, the past tense of lie is lay.

  • Laying means putting something somewhere. Lying means telling falsehoods or reclining.


What’s the difference between lay and lie? Let’s figure them out once and for all with the help of a few examples.

When to Use Lay

To lay is to set (or otherwise place) something in a resting position. Here are a few examples of lay in a sentence.

I don’t like tolaymy purse on the floor.

The dogs alwayslaytheir toys next to their water bowls.

Lay Lie (something) (down)

How to Use Lie

A lie is an untruth. However, it’s the verb form of lie that people find difficult to distinguish from lay. The verb lie means to tell a falsehood. Here’s an example of lie in a sentence:

Sometimes childrenlieto get out of trouble.

If to tell an untruth were the only meaning of lie, using these two words properly would be less of a challenge. However, lie can also mean to recline or to rest in a flat position. Notice this example:

The fat cat likes toliein the sun.

How to Remember the Difference between Lay and Lie

(pLAce) and (recLIne)

This mnemonic should help you remember that lay, which begins with the letters L-A, has a long A sound like its definition: to place. On the other hand, lie, which starts with the letters L-I, has a long I sound like its definition: to recline.

How Should I Use Lay vs. Lie?

Knowing what the words mean doesn’t mean you necessarily know how to use lay and lie. Here are a few rules to help you. In the present tense, you often use a direct object with lay. However, lie can’t take a direct object. Look back at the examples again to see these rules in play.

There’s still one more thing you need to know. When you are talking about reclining, the past tense of lie is lay! Here’s an example.

Yesterday, helaydown to sleep at ten o’clock. Tonight, he won’t lie down until midnight.[/example]

Laying Vs. Lying

Beware of spelling! The present participle of lie is not lieing. The I becomes a Y: lying. Here is a mnemonic from the website Primility to help you tell laying and lying apart:

“If you tell an untruth it is a lie, not a lay; and if you are in the
process of telling an untruth you are lying and not laying.”

The delivery boy took pleasure in gingerlylayingeach newspaper on the stoop.

I can always tell when my friend islyingbecause she bites her lip.

I spend rainy dayslyingon my couch.

Don’t leave dirty clotheslyingaround the house.

The past tense of lie (as in, to tell an untruth) is lied. As you can see, the past tense of lie is lay, but the past tense of lay is laid, which is a recipe for confusion! To remember that laid (as opposed to lain) is the past tense of lay, just memorize this phrase:

Use a D when there is a direct object. Because you need a direct
object only with lay, you will know that the past tense is laid.

1

Examples

I would like tolienext to him in the dark and watch him breathe and watch him sleep and
wonder what he’s dreaming about and not get an inferiority complex if
the dreams aren’t about me.

Rachel Cohn, Nick & Norah's Infinite Playlist
           

Man is the only creature that consumes without producing. He does not give milk, he does notlayeggs, he is too weak to pull the plough, he cannot run fast enough to catch rabbits.

George Orwell, Animal Farm
           

Did the examples help you figure out the difference between lay and
lie? If you have mastered this commonly confused pair, try your hand at loose vs. lose and entitled vs. titled.


tag: none

add new comment