2016年7月

home 的多种词性

home有很多用法.
go home这个地方home是作为副词来使用的,所以要用go home,类似go there/here
也可以是名词如:stay at home
I am at home.我在家
也可是形容词,简单说I am home now.我到家了
 



ollow me home 为什么不能用follow me to home呢
说的浅一点,我不大明白副词为什么不能跟to

       

 

  • home绝大情况下是副词,此题中home便是如此.
    特殊情况中home是名词,如:my home、at home中home便是名词
    【注:】at home是固定用法,此中at是介词而home是名词.整体做副词使用.禁止割裂两词!


follow by 后面有

follow by 后面有,继之以
 
Cocktails will be served promptly at six to be followed by dinner at eight.
6点钟准时举行鸡尾酒会,随之在8点钟举行正式的晚宴.
A middle- aged woman come over,follow by a group of children.
一位中年妇女走进来,后面跟着一群孩子.
 
followed by 是表示被动或者用于过去式的.表示后面有,后面是.
 
The overthrow of the regime was followed by a period of anarchy.
那政权被推翻以後,有一段时期是无政府状态.We had fish for the first course,followed by roast fowl and fresh vegetables.
我们吃的第一道菜是鱼,接著上的菜是烤禽肉和新鲜蔬菜.The weather forecast is followed by the pips at 6 o'clock.
天气预报之后即为6点钟报时信号.The fall of the fascist dictatorship was followed by a left-wing backlash.
法西斯专政的垮台引起左翼运动的高涨.The pop star was followed by a train of admirers.
那位流行歌曲歌星周围蜂拥著许多歌迷.She has bouts of hard work followed by long periods of inactivity.
她总是努力干上一阵,然后一呆就是很长时间.His words were followed by a pregnant pause.
他说完话,接着是一段意味深长的停顿.

of + 名词=形容词

1、of+抽象名词=形容词.如:
a women of wealth/wisdom/courage=a wealthy/wise/courageous woman
2、be of+修饰语+抽象名词.比如:
be of importance/help/use/significance=be important/helpful/useful/significant
这一结构可用于说明主语的性质,比如:
This question is of importance.(=This question is important.)

家可能会问,为什么不直接用后一种说法呢?那不是更容易理解吗?其实,像上面这句话,前后两种说法差别不大,用哪一种都可以.有时候,我们为了强调某种抽
象的含义,用这种形式就可以达到很好的效果.比如,我们要表达时间是“宝贵”的,就可以用be of value取代be
valuable,为了加强效果,还可以在value前面加上修饰语great,造个句子:
Each hour,each minute,each second is of great value for us.
每小时、每分钟、每一秒对我们都很宝贵.
(体会一下,是不是比Each hour,each minute,each second is very valuable for us.效果好些?而且,适当变化句式,也可以使我们的语言更有活力,对吗?)
特别提示:

用于这一结构的修饰语还有little ,some
,any,no,not,much,常见的抽象名词有importance,value,use,help,benefit(利益、好
处),significance(意义、重要性).比如:of no use =useless(无用的)
3、还有一种情况,我们必须使用这种句
型,就是of后面的抽象名词没有相应的形容词形式,为了表明主语的这类特征,我们只能用“be
of+抽象名饲”的形式代替“be+形容词”结构.这类名词包括size,weight,height,length,width,age
,opinion ,colour ,price,kind,type,shape,way等.比如:
Coins may be of different sizes,weights,and shapes and of different metals.
钱币从大小、重量、形状到材质都各不相同.
Her eyes are of a dark gray color.
她的眼睛是深灰色的.