Mr. Black said, “I'm
Mr. Black said that he was
He said , “I like itvery much.” 他说：“我非常喜欢它”。
→He said that heliked it very much.
He said, “You toldme this
→He said that I had
told him that
story.他说我给他讲过那个故事。(You改为I, me改为him, told改为had
He said to me, “She’s left herbook in yourroom”.他对我说：“她把书放在你的房间里去了。”
He told me that she had left herbook in my room.
He said, “I usually watch TV on
→He said that he usually watched TV on
He said, “I'm using the
→He said that he was using the
She said, “I have not heard from him since
→She said that she had not heard from him since
He said，“I came to help
→He said that he had come to help
He said, “I had finished my homework before
→He said that he had finished his homework
Zhou Lan said, “I'll do it after
→Zhou Lan said that she would do it after
He said,“I shall be doing my homework
→He said that he should be doing his homework
He said, “We shall have finished the work by
→He said that they should have finished the work
by that time.他说他们将在那时以前完成工作。
The teacher said, “The earth isround. ”老师说：“地球是圆的。”
→The teacher said that the earth is
He said, “I was born in Shangdong in
→He said that he was born in
Shangdong in 1965. 他说他1965年生于山东。
He said, “Columbus discoveredAmerica in 1492.”他说：“哥伦布在1492年发现了美洲。”
→He said Columbus discoveredAmerica in 1492.他说哥伦布在1492年发现了美洲。
He says, “I finished the
He says that he finished the work.
He will say, “I have watered the
He will say he has watered the flowers.
this week (month…)
that week (month…)
the day before
last week (month…)
the week (month…)before
two weeks (month)ago
two weeks (months)before
the next day
next week (month…)
the next week (month…)
He said, “I met Mr. Smith thismorning.”他说“我今天早晨见到史密斯了。”
He said that he had met Mr. Smith that morning.
He said, “We went to the cinemayesterday.” 他说：“我们昨天去电影院了。”
→He said they had gone to the cinema the
day before. 他说前一天他们去电影院了。
Lily said, “I will come back next
→Lily said that she would go back the next
He said, “It is nine o'clocknow.”他说：“现在九点了。”
→He said that it was nine o'clockthen.他说那时九点了。
He said, “I haven't seen hertoday.”他说：“今天我没见到她。”
→He said that he hadn't seen her that day.他说那天他没有见到她。
She said, “I went thereyesterday.”她说：“昨天我去了那儿。”
→She said that she had gone there the day
She said, “I'll go theretomorrow.”她说：“明天我将去那儿。”
→She said that she would go there the next
He said, “My sister was here three daysago.”他说：“三天前我妹妹在这儿。”
→He said that his sister had been there three
She said, “I will come herethis evening.”她说：“今晚我将来这儿。”
→She said that she would go therethatevening.她说那晚她将去那儿。（come→go；here→there；this→that）
Father said,“I am free this
→Father said that he was free this
He said, “I am going there
He said that he was going there tomorrow.
him, her, them, us等。
She said, “Is yourfather an
→She asked mewhether my father was an
The teacher said to Li Ming, “Haveyou finished your
→The teacher asked Li Mingwhether he had finished
如果直接引语为特殊疑问句, 改为间接引语时，仍用特殊疑问句中的疑问词what, where, when,
“What do you do every Sunday morning?”my
friend said to
→My friend asked me what I
did every Sunday morning. 我的朋友问我每星期天上午我做什么。
“Where have you been, Li Ming?”the
→The teacher asked Li Mingwhere he had been. 老师问李明曾去过哪儿。
I asked her, “How many English books will youread next term?” 我问她说：“下学期你将读多少本英语书? ”
→I asked her how many English books she
would read the next term.我问她下学期将读多少本英文书。
“When did you get up this morning?”asked
→My father asked me when I had got
up that morning. 我父亲问我那天早晨我是什么时候起床的。
注意： 直接引语里是：What's wrong with……?/What's the matter?
/What's the trouble?/What has
He said to her“What’s
the matter with you?”他问她“你怎么了？”
He asked her what was the matter with her.
(asked, ordered, warned)someone (not)to do something结构。
He said,“Sit down,
→He asked me to sit down.
The teacher said,“Don’t talkin class! ” 老师说：“上课不要讲话! ”
→The teacher told us not to talk in
→The captain ordered his men to
The policeman said to the children,“Don't playfootball in the middle of the street.”警察对孩子们说：“别在马路中间踢足球。”
→The policeman warned the children not to
play football in the middle of the
1.He said that he is going to London.
2.Tom said they had finished the job yesterday.
3.She asked me don’t smoke in the room.
4.They asked that he was there.
5.I asked you where was he going.
6.The teacher told us not talk any more.
7.The doctor said to his wife,
8.He asked me who I am.
9.Mary said that she would see you tomorrow.
10.Mother asked what the matter was.
1. “Where will you go tomorrow?”, Mother asked me.
2.The old woman said to me, “Please lock the door for
3.The boy told his teacher, “We went to an exhibition
4.He said, “I'll go to the station to see off a friend of mine
5. “Hello,how are you?”, he said to me.
6.Tom said to me angrily, “Why don’t you tell me you have been
here for two weeks?”
7.John said to Mary,“Do you remember I borrowed a diamond
necklace from you?”
8.The teacher said to Li Ming,“Don’t make the same mistake
9. “Are you leaving today or tomorrow?”, I asked her.
10.The nurse said to the children, “The sun rises in the
I. 1.is→was 2.yesterday→the day
II. 1.Mother asked me where I would go the next day.
2.The old woman asked me to lock the door for her.
3.The boy told his teacher that they had gone to an exhibition
the day before.
4.He said that he would go to the station to see off a friend
of his that afternoon.
5.He asked me how I was.
6.Tom asked me angrily why I didn't tell him I had been there
for two weeks.
7.John asked Mary if she remembered he had borrowed a diamond
necklace from her.
8.The teacher told Li Ming not to make the same mistake
9.I asked her whether she was leaving that day or the next
10.The nurse told the children that the sun rises in the